This was showed during the
mid-1970s, when researchers form Distributed Artificial Intelligence (DAI) began to formulate some of the basic theories, architectures, and
experiments that showed how interaction and division of labor could be
effectiveliy applied to problem solving. The experiments revealed
intelligent behaviour as an effect that emerges form the interaction of entites
with simpler behaviors.
The MAS resarch draw on ideas form many disciplines outside of artificial intelligence, including economics, biology, socilogy, management science, complex systems and philosophy. So the software of a Multi-Agent system operates in environments that are distributed and open, as modern IT infrastructure in todays companies.