Evolution Strategies (ES) are based on the biological process of evolution to find an optimal solution to a complex problem. Evolution strategies were invented in 1963 by two students Hans-Paul Schwefel and Ingo Rechenberg at the Technical University of Berlin, during the search for the optimal shapes of bodies in a flow experiment.
In the beginning the concept of Evolution Strategy was not developed as an algorithm to be used with computers but nowadays Evolution Strategies merely as method to find optimal parameter settings in laboratory experiments. Evolution Strategy is not based on detailed simulation of the methods found with natural evolution. Which can already be concluded by looking at the oposing terms: evolution and strategy. In biological evolution there is no strategy, oriented towards a specific goal to be achieved or a special result to be found. Evolutions Strategy merely concentrates on translating the fundamental mechanisms of biological evolution for technical optimazation problems.